Administration to buy enough doses to vaccinate most Americans

Biden administration will also boost supply of coronavirus vaccines sent to states by about 16% for next three weeks

The purchases will provide enough supply to vaccinate 300 million Americans in a two-dose regimen over the summer. The vaccine is not approved for people under 16 years old


The Biden administration on Tuesday said it would boost the supply of coronavirus vaccines sent to states by about 16% for the next three weeks and will purchase enough additional doses to vaccinate most of the U.S. population with a two-dose regimen by the end of the summer. Senior administration officials said the federal government is working to purchase an additional 100 million doses each of the Pfizer Inc. and Moderna Inc. vaccines, increasing the total U.S. vaccine order by 50% to 600 million from 400 million. Officials said they expect the additional doses to be delivered over the summer.

The purchases will provide enough supply to vaccinate 300 million Americans in a two-dose regimen over the summer. The vaccine is not approved for people under 16 years old.

“We now have a national strategy to beat Covid-19,” President Biden said Tuesday. “It’s comprehensive. It’s based on science, not politics. It’s based on truth, not denial. And it is detailed.”

He nonetheless urged the public to remain vigilant, referring to the fight against the pandemic as “a wartime undertaking.”

“The brutal truth is, it’s going to take months before we get the majority of Americans vaccinated,” Mr. Biden said.

Even with the increase in doses to states starting next week, supplies aren’t yet sufficient for what is needed now, a senior administration official said.

The administration will also start providing states with three weeks’ advance notice of their estimated vaccine allocations, updated on a running basis, to help with their planning. Governors had said allocations fluctuated under the Trump administration, complicating efforts to staff vaccination sites and manage appointments.

“We’ve been going week to week, and you really can’t plan and schedule,” New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo, a Democrat, said on MSNBC. “It will bring some efficiency to the program that we haven’t been able to implement.”

Members of the Biden administration, including Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Director Rochelle Walensky and White House coronavirus coordinator Jeffrey Zients, briefed governors on the changes on a call Tuesday afternoon, people familiar with the discussion said.

The Department of Health and Human Services will boost allocations to states next week to a minimum of 10 million doses a week, up from 8.6 million doses a week, for the next three weeks, a senior administration official said.

Biden administration officials told governors that 5.7 million doses will be Moderna’s vaccine and 4.3 million will be Pfizer’s vaccine, the people familiar with the call said.

The officials also told governors that the sixth dose that Pfizer recently discovered could be extracted from its five-dose vials won’t count toward the allocation of the company’s doses to states, the people with knowledge of the call said. Special syringes are required to extract the additional dose and some pharmacies have struggled to extract it properly.

The vaccine rollout has been hindered by long waits for shots, crashing websites and early evidence that lower-income neighborhoods and communities of color are falling behind more affluent, white areas when it comes to getting vaccinated.

Mr. Biden had said he wanted to see 1 million vaccinations administered a day in his first 100 days, and on Monday he said the administration could reach 1.5 million vaccinations a day. Public-health analysts had said that administering 1 million doses a day, an amount almost reached under the Trump administration, would put the U.S. on track to reach herd immunity to the virus in 2022.

Mr. Biden said Monday he was optimistic that any American who wants a coronavirus vaccine should be able to get one by the spring. The president said delivering on that promise will require boosting vaccine supply and the capacity of facilities where people can receive the vaccine.

To date, about 44.4 million doses of both vaccines have been distributed in the U.S., of which 23.5 million have been administered, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Of the doses administered, 13 million were Pfizer vaccines and 10.4 million were from Moderna. Johnson & Johnson has said it expects to report results of a large clinical trial of its Covid-19 vaccine by early next week and to deliver 100 million doses for use in the U.S. by the end of June if the results are positive and the vaccine is authorized.

Mr. Biden’s plan would establish 100 federally supported vaccination centers and dispatch mobile units to rural and underserved areas across the country. The CDC will make vaccines available in local pharmacies beginning next month. The Biden administration also plans to launch a national public awareness campaign to promote the importance of the vaccine.

He has invoked the Defense Production Act to take certain steps to expand vaccine manufacturing, such as producing more equipment and materials used to make shots. He also will use the act to boost supplies such as “low dead space” syringes, which can be used to squeeze more doses out of vaccine vials.

Vaccines were initially allocated to states in December based on the size of their population. In December, CDC advisers recommended that initial supplies go to high-risk populations such as front-line health workers and nursing-home residents. The advisory panel said adults 65 years and older should begin vaccinations only after doses were given to essential workers and adults 75 years and older who wanted them.

The Trump administration on Jan. 12 said it was changing the distribution system, providing allocations to states based on the size of state populations over age 65 and how effective states have been in getting the shots administered.

It also called on states to open up vaccinations to adults 65 years and older, but governors said there wasn’t enough supply from the reserve to keep up with the surge in demand that followed.

Mr. Cuomo said Tuesday that New York was “functionally out” of vaccines but expected new shipments in the next several days. Health officials in New York’s Erie County, which includes Buffalo, said Tuesday they were canceling planned vaccination clinics on Friday and Saturday due to a lack of vaccine availability.

As of Tuesday, New York had received 1.3 million first vaccine doses and distributed 1.2 million, the state health department said. According to the CDC, New York had distributed 1.45 million of the 2.4 million doses it was allocated as of Tuesday morning; the federal figures include all doses, including those used in a federal program to vaccinate nursing-home residents.

On a conference call with California officials, Yolanda Richardson, secretary of the Government Operations Agency in Gov. Gavin Newsom’s administration, said that the state didn’t yet know what its new vaccine allocation would be.

As of Tuesday, about 4.7 million doses of Covid-19 vaccine had been shipped to California and about 2.6 million of those had been administered, according to state data.

California Health and Human Services Secretary Mark Ghaly said Tuesday the state is currently vaccinating 125,000 people each weekday.

“We look forward to increasing the cadence to make sure the needs of Californians are heard loud and clear and we’re able to fill the pressing demands on vaccines as quickly as possible,” he said.

Moderna said it has supplied 30.4 million doses of its Covid-19 vaccine to the U.S. government for distribution to date and remains on track to meet its targets for providing many more in the coming months. Including what it has supplied so far, the Cambridge, Mass., company said Tuesday it plans to deliver 100 million doses for the U.S. by the end of March, followed by an additional 100 million by the end of June, for a total of 200 million by midyear. U.S. regulators authorized use of the two-dose vaccine in December.

Pfizer and partner BioNTech SE have been providing another Covid-19 vaccine for use in the U.S., which is also given in two doses.

Pfizer said it would do its part to “make more shots-in-arms a reality,” a company spokeswoman said. Under the company’s agreement, the U.S. government has an option to purchase an additional 400 million doses.

Mr. Biden received his first dose of the Pfizer vaccine in December and a second dose earlier this month. Vice President Kamala Harris got her second dose of the Moderna vaccine on Tuesday.

The U.S. has seen 25.2 million confirmed Covid-19 infections and about 420,000 deaths, according to Johns Hopkins University.

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